Medvedka - fighting a dangerous pest
You can’t find a more malicious and annoying pest than a bear. Almost without appearing on the surface, it destroys plants both in beds and flower beds. Bears gnaw roots and leave only sluggish lifeless bushes in place of healthy plants. Protecting the garden from the bear is not easy, and the struggle must be waged relentlessly from early spring to frost. The main assistants to gardeners in the fight against bears are modern biological preparations. Highly effective and safe, they even allow for a problem with bears to find a convenient, simple and environmental solution that will contribute to the well-being of your garden at any time of the year.
Who is the bear
The largest soil pest almost does not appear on the surface and creates complex, amazingly extensive tunnel systems. Many gardeners do not accidentally consider the bear as their most dangerous enemy. These pests are activated by heating the topsoil to 10 degrees and live up to 2.5 years. Each female lays 2 clutches a year, arranging uterine chambers for 500-600 eggs in one of the moves. And if you do not protect the garden and do not take measures in time, the bears will arrange a real invasion.
How to recognize a pest
Medvedki (Gryllotalpidae) - a huge family of ancient, found in amber of the Cretaceous period burrowing Orthoptera, living in grassy areas and farmland of all continents except Antarctica. The most common among us is the common bear (Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa). This species is not accidentally called cricket-mole or earthen cancer. The length of their body is from 5 to 15 cm, the abdomen is dark brown, yellowish on the underside, soft, fusiform. There is also a protective shell on the chest, two large mesh eyes, a short antennae, digging tick-shaped front legs (also shortened) and a powerful chewing apparatus.
The development of the bear includes only three stages: eggs, larvae (on which 9 molts occur) and an adult. And the bears begin to harm the plants after the first molt.
What harm does the bear do?
Despite the predominantly underground way of life, bears with their wings hidden under short elytra, wings folded into flagella fly and even swim. But they come to the surface only at night, and the faint chirrup emitted by the bears is not so easy to notice in the sound-filled summer garden. It is possible to guess the appearance of the bear in the garden only when part of the planting dies. In plants, tubers, stems and roots of which the bear eats, the whole aerial part becomes sluggish. If the plant is easily pulled out of the soil, as if cropped, you can find other signs of a bear:
- obvious signs of gnawing on the roots;
- the presence on the soil of holes up to 2 cm in diameter and horizontal wide passages;
- quickly drying mounds on the soil, which are easy to notice after watering or precipitation.
Large branched passages of the bear significantly improve soil aeration, but even this fact does not change their status as a pest. Gnawing the roots and damaging the stems, the bears destroy the whole plant in seconds. Their activity results in the loss of their favorite flowers and crops without a chance of salvation. Basically, the bear feed on the underground parts of the plant, literally “gnawing” the root, but some species still produce leaves with stems at night, while others damage the population of beneficial worms. Bears attack seedlings, seedlings, annual and perennial plants, young seedlings of berry plants, causing damage to most plantings. Because of the bears, which do not spare even fresh crops with barely sprouted seeds, it is necessary to waste energy and reseed the beds several times, missing the optimal sowing time to get a good harvest. They are not afraid only of adult bushes and trees, enjoying their scavenger, and not the roots.
Ways of pest occurrence and ways to prevent
Bears in nature prefer moist soils, but in a garden, ornamental garden, and even a greenhouse with their loose, organic-enriched soil, they find the perfect environment. But in addition to the seductive conditions, there are other factors for the appearance of the bear:
- “Skidding” with purchased organic fertilizers (primarily fresh manure) or imported soil;
- neglect of planting, the spread of weeds;
- the proximity of sites to natural reservoirs, especially rivers;
- the presence of empty, weedy areas in the neighborhood.
The distribution of the bear and the risks of its occurrence on the site can be reduced by taking into account the usual safety measures, depriving pests of ideal conditions and an abundance of food:
- limiting the use of fresh organics;
- sifting and inspecting fertilizers before application;
- cultivating empty soil in time;
- preventing weeds from spreading not only in the beds and in the ornamental garden, but also in near-stem circles, in the adjacent territories;
- aerating the lawn, loosening and mulching the soil, preventing it from crusting and overheating.
It partially helps to prevent the defeat of plantings by the bear and the clever planning of mixed plantings with repelling grass and flower pests or attracting helpful helpers to the garden in summer, including lizards and hedgehogs.
Ways to deal with the bear on the site
If traces of the bear appear on the sites, it will not be possible to limit itself only to mechanical methods. Manual extermination of this insect is inefficient and only allows you to open individual nests. Of course, larvae and adults found during work on the site need to be destroyed. But without special tools can not do.
To protect your favorite flowers and beds from the bear, you can use:
- Standard chemical control agents. To destroy pests, drugs that affect the bear's respiratory and nervous systems are used. Their use is not only unsafe for children and animals, but also pollutes the soil and jeopardizes the future harvest, benefits and safety of long-awaited fruits.
- Biological products, the impact of which is consistent with the principles of ecological farming. In terms of its effectiveness, an innovative biological product for protection against bears stands out - unique in safety for the environment and people Medveed Eco. Containing only natural, fully biodegradable components and using the properties of essential oils, in particular nem tree oil, the drug acts as a deterrent, protecting sites for the entire active season. It can be used:
- to stop the spread of the bear;
- for prevention - the creation of protective strips around the perimeter of individual sections and beds of potatoes, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, zucchini, flowers, other vegetable and ornamental plants.
Medveed Eco is absolutely safe not only for the environment, but also for people and pets. Depending on the situation in which gardeners found themselves, a choice appears: using the product as a “defense” or as an “attack”.
The convenient shape in the form of easy-to-use balls makes it easy to place the biological product to scare the bear in the holes or furrows. For protection, it is enough to create a small border around the beds from the holes with balls located half a meter from each other. And for the fight - to place them in the soil at the same distance over the entire area of the affected area. You will have to update the defense only once, at the beginning of the season.
Choosing funds to deal with such an invisible and malicious pest like a bear, you should trust in innovative developments. Safe biological products for the garden demonstrate high efficiency, allowing you to create a garden without pests in accordance with the principles of ecological farming.