Tsiperus - unpretentious, but very moisture-loving
Even against other moisture-loving indoor plants, cyperus is the real king. This is a true bog plant, beauty, the growth rate and effectiveness of which directly depend on one factor - humidity. But at the same time, cyperus is also rightly called one of the easiest indoor plants to grow. If you "get to the bottom" of this not so much exotic, he will quickly add to the list of your favorite unpretentious indoor plants. Why it is worth taking a closer look at cyperus, I will tell in the article.
Indoor cyperuses are better known under the legendary name "papyrus." It is the best possible way, it conveys both the appearance and character of the plant, albeit in a much more compact room format. But the popular garden name is “to satiate,” and the botanical name is “cyperus.”
Cyperus (Cyperus) - a beautiful perennial evergreen cereal from the Osokov family, growing in the form of dense sods. The height of the cyperus, depending on the species, reaches from 30 cm to 2 m. Elegant or huge, the curtains of cyperus consist of hollow, rounded in cross-section, slender and straight grassy stems. At their apex, a flat whorl of very close leaves resembling an ideal umbrella develops.
The plant often seems to be scattered to the sides by a large bunch of green umbrellas on thin legs. Cyperus leaves are linear, with a strongly pointed tip. Color - dark, saturated.
Cyperus bloom charmingly, although plants often underestimate this trait. Right in the middle of the umbrellas, air-lacy inflorescences from spikelets of small white flowers bloom.
Types of indoor cyperus
Papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) - the most famous "paper" view with huge, up to 3 m shoots. The plant is bulky and massive, requires large tubs, appropriate in very large greenhouses and conservatories.
Cyperus (Cyperus alternifolius) - a powerful and spreading look. Stems with umbrellas rise to a height of 1 m.
Cyperus Wrapping (Cyperus involucratus) - a large, meter and higher view with wider leaves and massive whorls.
Tsiperus is graceful (Cyperus gracilis), which we like to call dwarf - the most compact form with stems up to 40 cm in height and miniature rosettes of linear leaves.
Growing conditions for indoor cyperus
Unpretentious cyperus will not grow anywhere. They adapt perfectly, endure some negligence, but still require saturated lighting to reveal their beauty. But you can hardly worry about temperatures.
Lighting and placement
Cyperus is photophilous. They are best grown on window sills or directly next to them, in sunny places or choosing diffused bright lighting. The shadow is unacceptable; young plants can gradually be "accustomed" to partial shade. Usually there is no need to adjust the lighting for the winter (unless the cyperus itself signals the opposite by changes in the color of the leaves).
Temperature and ventilation
Tsiperus loves stability. Ideally, its growth does not stop even in winter. All that cyperus needs is a stable temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. The heat adversely affects the tips of the leaves, but with an increase in humidity, cyperuses can easily cope with it.
But the cold is the main enemy of the plant. Cypresses can withstand only drops to 12 degrees of heat, but it is better not to allow 14 degrees, maintaining even the same room temperature even in winter.
Cyperus like airing, respond well to fresh air, but the plants can not stand in the garden, it is better to leave them in the rooms. Drafts are permissible only light and without temperature changes. The proximity of heating appliances leads to accelerated drying of the ends of the leaves.
Cyberus Care at Home
If you recreate the correct “marshy” environment by watering, then there will be no problems with the plant. Cyperuses almost do not get sick and always signal leaves about their problems.
Watering and humidity
Cyperus loves swamp moisture, constant and high. The soil should not dry out, droughts are catastrophic - all or almost all of the stems turn yellow in the plant. It is appropriate to grow it with a pan filled with water or in double containers. The water level in the external container will create an optimal mode.
But you can do with plenty of classic watering. Soil moisture is reduced only when the temperature drops, not drying the plant completely, but changing the irrigation schedule or lowering the water level in the pan.
Cyperus is very sensitive to water quality. Neutral, not just standing, but purified or rainwater is the perfect choice for a moisture-loving star.
High humidity is preferable, in heat it is necessary. If it is possible to create a more stable environment, spray cyperus or install moisturizers, then the beauty of greenery will reveal much more fully. Cyperuses are very well placed in rooms with naturally high humidity (for example, in the bathroom) or in groups with tropical moisture-loving exotics.
Fertilizing and fertilizer composition
Cyperus prefer poor soil. In the first year after transplantation, you can refuse to feed. In spring and summer, fertilizers are applied in half a reduced dose every 2-3 weeks. If the growth does not stop and the cyperus remains warm, then even in the fall and winter, rare but regular top dressings are carried out (1 time per month).
Trimming and forming cyperus
Cyperuses are easily rejuvenated and restrained. It is enough to cut off the oldest umbrellas or thin out the crown - and the plant will completely transform its appearance. The stems are cut whole, to the ground.
Transplant, containers and substrate
Cyperuses are transplanted when the plant has mastered the previous capacity (in the horizontal plane). They need large, very wide pots with good drainage holes.
The soil for growing cyperus should meet the requirements for a marshy environment - be resistant to acidification and compaction, allow regular overmoistening of the substrate and good water retention. For cyperus, only acid-neutral soil with a rough texture is suitable. The universal substrate is better improved by the addition of coarse sand, perlite, coconut soil, vermiculite. Additives of charcoal and sphagnum will eliminate the risk of rot.
Tsiperus is ideally suited for hydroculture, tanks with automatic irrigation, experiments with florarium.
Transplanted plants by transshipment, if necessary, they are separated. It is important to arrange the plants at the same level without deepening. The top of the soil can be mulched with moisture-resistant materials.
Diseases, pests and growing problems
In cyperus, various problems arise only with improper humidity - both air and soil - or when watering with too acidic or hard water. Cyperus quickly signals in the form of browning leaf tips.
Very rarely, neglected cyperuses can attract aphids, spider mites, or felt. An increase in humidity is usually enough to fight, but with strong infection it is better to use insecticides.
Reproduction of cyperus
Simpler than cyperus, only chlorophytum multiplies. Each whorl of leaves on the top of the stem is a potential new bush. Sometimes cyperus releases aerial roots directly on umbrellas, but any not too old plant umbrellas are suitable for rooting in water or soil. They are simply cut off with the whole stem, the leaves are shortened by about half the length and laid in moist soil or dipped in water until the roots appear.
Old cyperus bushes are easy to separate when transplanted. At the same time, it is better to cut or separate the dry parts of the bushes, and to plant young ones with new shoots as independent plants.
Cyperus seeds are rare on sale, but germinate quickly and easily. Sow them superficially. High humidity and heat are key parameters.