"Epin" - plant growth stimulator
Any plant organism during the period of growth and development is faced with a whole range of unfavorable factors that reduce the immunity of plants and cause various diseases. To overcome all the negative environmental factors, the plant needs strong immunity for the entire growing season. Of course, you can try to cheer up the plants with the help of additional fertilizers, an improved set of agrotechnical measures, but it is better to use the results of modern scientific achievements, using growth stimulants and immunomodulators, such as, for example, Epin, which we will talk about in detail today.
- What is the Epin?
- Features of the use of Epin
- The use of Epina in vegetable crops
- Application of Epin on bell pepper, cucumbers and tomatoes
- The use of Epina on potatoes
- Applying Epin on radishes and eggplant
- The use of Epina on cabbage
- The use of Epin onion - set
- The use of Epin on watermelons and melons
- The use of Epina on mushrooms
- Application of Epina on flowers
- The use of Epin on wood and shrub crops
- The use of Epin in rooting cuttings
- The use of Epin in the propagation of tuberous plants
- The use of Epin in agriculture
What is the Epin?
The drug Epin contains the active substance - epinbrassinolide - a synthetically derived phytohormone that is fully consistent with natural. Thanks to the action of this substance, plants recover more easily after various stress factors, such as low temperatures, excess or lack of moisture, insufficient lighting and the like. The effect of Epin on plants leads to the activation of enzymatic reactions and stimulation of protein synthesis. Plant immunity increases due to stimulation of cell growth and development, activation of metabolic processes of the plant organism.
In addition to using Epin to increase the immunity of plants, it is allowed to use it as a prophylactic and as a substance that can increase the yield of plants that have entered the fruiting season.
This drug is sold in ampoules containing one milliliter (ml) of substance. This substance needs to be dissolved in water, better soft (rain, melt, settled).
The instructions for the use of Epin say that the drug can be used to stimulate the germination of seeds immediately before sowing, to increase the immunity of seedlings before planting in a permanent place, for the preventive treatment of tubers and bulbs in order to protect against fungal infection and accelerate their germination, to increase productivity and strengthening immunity in adverse periods of the year.
This drug is good in that it is completely safe, does not violate the phenological stages of the development of plant organisms, and does not cause dependence on the drug.
Features of the use of Epin
When using the drug, it is necessary to take into account a number of its features. So, it is important to know that the active substance of the drug is destroyed quite quickly under the influence of direct sunlight, as well as if alkali is present in the water. Given this, to increase the positive effect of Epin on plants, it is necessary to make solutions and treat them with plants in the evening, preferably after sunset.
When diluting the solution, make sure that the water does not contain alkali; for greater certainty, you can add citric acid to the water (one gram of citric acid per bucket of water).
When treating plants with Epin, try to ensure that the main amount of the substance falls on the plant, and not on the soil. Do not carry out treatments too often, it is enough to carry them out once every 10-12 days.
You can use the drug safely, at any time during the development of the plant, not observing the distance from residential buildings, ponds, apiaries, since the drug is absolutely safe. In order to avoid allergic reactions, people prone to allergies, it is nevertheless necessary to use protective equipment - a respirator and protective rubber gloves.
The use of Epina in vegetable crops
The influence of Epin on vegetables is to increase their resistance to diseases, to improve fruit set, to reduce the tearability of the ovary, to improve the appearance of the fruit, their taste characteristics, and to increase the shelf life of vegetable products. Processing of vegetable plants is appropriate to carry out before flowering and immediately after it, and it is also allowed to soak the seeds in Epin's solution to increase their germination.
Usually, for one hundred square meters of land occupied by a particular crop, you need about five liters of the finished solution. To prepare the working solution, one ampoule (1 ml of the drug) must be diluted in five liters of water (0.02% solution).
In a 1 ml ampoule contains 40 drops of Epin. 1 drop = 0.025 ml.
Application of Epin on bell pepper, cucumbers and tomatoes
Soaking the seed material of these vegetables can be carried out in a 0.05% Epin solution (2 drops per 100 ml of water). Soak the seeds preferably 2-4 hours, while the water should not be cold, but correspond to room temperature.
When growing these crops through seedlings, the plants can be treated with a 0.02% working solution (1 ml of the drug per 5 liters of water) immediately before transplanting the seedlings to a permanent place, and then 10-12 days after planting.
Subsequent processing can be carried out with a working solution a few days before flowering and a couple of days after its completion. In the case of bell pepper, Epin treatment can also be carried out during the flowering period of this crop.
The use of Epina on potatoes
The first treatment is carried out before the tubers are planted in the soil, for this it is necessary to dissolve one ampoule (1 ml) of Epina in 250 ml of water (0.4% solution), this amount is enough for 50 kg of potato tubers. Processing is best done in a dark place and after processing, let the tubers lie down under these conditions for 4-5 hours.
Potato re-processing can be carried out with a 0.02% working solution (1 ml of the drug per 5 liters of water) during the bud formation period, for one hundred parts occupied under the potatoes, it is permissible to spend 4 liters of the solution.
Applying Epin on radishes and eggplant
The first use of Epin in these cultures is carried out before sowing the seeds, they are soaked in a 0.05% solution of the drug (2 drops per 100 ml of water) for three hours.
Another treatment on the radish can be carried out with a working 0.02% solution (1 ml of the drug per 5 liters of water) during the appearance of the second leaf and this is the end of the treatment, and on the eggplants, additional treatment should be carried out before flowering and at the beginning of the formation of the ovaries, strictly in the evening, spending 4 liters of solution per hundred square meters of land.
The use of Epina on cabbage
In cabbage in Epin, the seeds are soaked for 4-5 hours in a 0.05% solution (2 drops per 100 ml of water), at a rate of solution consumption of 10 g. seeds - 10 ml of solution. Next, before transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, you need to treat the plants with a working 0.02% solution (1 ml of the drug per 5 liters of water) Epina.
To increase immunity after transplanting seedlings to a permanent place, treatment with Epin should be carried out with a working solution during the formation of the head of cabbage, the norm per hundred square meters of land is 2.5 liters of solution.
The use of Epin onion - set
The first treatment is carried out before sowing the bulbs, they are soaked for half an hour in a 0.05% solution (1 ml per 2 liters of water).
The second treatment is carried out when three true leaflets appear. During this period, it is desirable to treat the plants with a 0.02% working solution (1 ml of the drug per 5 liters of water), while about 3.5 liters of solution are consumed per hundred square meters of land.
The use of Epin on watermelons and melons
In Epina, the seeds of watermelons and melons are soaked before sowing (for a couple of hours). The concentration of the drug should be 2 drops per 100 ml of water (0.05% solution), this amount is enough for 25-30 seeds.
During the budding period, to increase the number of ovaries, it is also possible to process these plants, for which they prepare a 0.02% working solution (1 ml of the drug per 5 liters of water) and spend 4 liters of solution per hundred square meters of land.
The use of Epina on mushrooms
When growing oyster mushrooms and champignons, it is also permissible to use Epin, it stimulates the growth and development of mycelium and contributes to the accelerated formation of mushrooms.
Epin needs to be treated with mycelium before active growth begins, for which a 0.005% solution consisting of 2 drops of the drug diluted in a liter of water is made for 1 kg of mycelium.
Application of Epina on flowers
The use of Epin on flower crops increases their immunity, strengthens decorative qualities, prolongs the flowering period. You can use Epin on flower crops at the stage of soaking seeds (0.1% solution - 4 drops per 100 ml) or bulbs (0.05% solution - 1 ml per 2 liters of water), as well as before flowering and during the appearance of buds .
Epin, when used during the period of forcing flowers of bulb crops in winter, will allow flowering plants to be obtained about a week earlier than usual, along with their improved appearance.
The use of Epin has a positive effect on the transplantation of a variety of indoor plants. In this case, you need to apply it by spraying the newly transplanted plants into a new container and leave them for 3-5 hours in a dark room.
The use of Epin on wood and shrub crops
Epin can be used immediately after planting seedlings of tree and shrub species in spring, in the amount of 1 ml per 10 l of water (0.01% solution). The norm for 5-6 seedlings of trees and 7-8 shrubs. Re-processing can be carried out during the formation of buds and another one after flowering. On pear, it is advisable to carry out processing a week after the formation of the ovary, and on red currant - on green fruits.
Treatment in the summer is preferably carried out in double dosage, that is, in a bucket of water you need to dissolve two ampoules of the drug (0.02% solution). The processing rates are the same as in the spring.
It is permissible to process the vaccine after it has been carried out in the spring and in the middle of summer (copulation and budding, respectively); these treatments have a positive effect on the survival rate of both cuttings and buds. To handle vaccinations, you need to prepare a 0.05% solution of the drug (1 ml per 2 liters of water).
The use of Epin in rooting cuttings
To increase the rhizogenic activity of cuttings, before planting in a greenhouse, they can be soaked in a 0.02% solution (1 ml per 5 liters of water) Epina. This amount is enough to soak several thousand cuttings provided that the solution and cuttings are placed in a shallow but wide container with a height of sides of 5-6 cm. The main thing is that the cuttings ready for planting are immersed 2-3 cm in the solution.
Soaking begins at dusk and ends in the morning before sunrise, after which the cuttings are planted in the greenhouse. To soak the next batch of cuttings, a new solution of the preparation is prepared. Usually, soaking the cuttings in Epin allows you to get a more powerful root system that has matured and fully developed. You should know that Epin is able to positively affect the rhizogenesis of green cuttings only if the terms for their cutting are observed, that is, when the cuttings are not yet lignified.
We indicated the average dosages of the drug, but depending on the cuttings of a particular culture, they vary quite a lot. So, it is advisable to soak the rose cuttings overnight in a solution consisting of 0.5 ml of the drug in 5 liters of water; for lilac cuttings in five liters of water you need to dilute 0.6 ml of the drug; grape cuttings need 1.2 ml of the drug per 5 liters of water; for cuttings of blue spruce, euonymus and juniper, you need 2 ml of the drug per 5 liters of water; for currants, gooseberries, irgi, dogwood, honeysuckle and similar crops, you need to dilute 1 ml of the drug in 5 liters of water.
The use of Epin in the propagation of tuberous plants
When dividing tubers and before they are planted in the soil, it is advisable to soak them in a 0.05% solution of the preparation (1 ml per 2 liters of water) for 3-5 hours, this will increase the resistance of the fungal infection, accelerate the germination of tubers and stimulate their growth activity after germination.
The use of Epin in agriculture
Epin is successfully used in all crops, without exception, its use can increase productivity by 15-25%. The use of Epin, in addition to increasing productivity, can reduce the content of harmful substances in agricultural products and reduce the number of planned treatments for diseases.
Processing of crops should be carried out from the beginning of the appearance of the green leaf and completed a week before harvest, processing after 14-16 days. Usually, a 0.02% solution of the drug is used.