Flowers of memory. Plants that can be planted on the grave
The sacred and spiritual significance of cemeteries, the resting places of our ancestors and our dear people, blessed memory and sorrow, many associate not only with magnificent tombstones, but also plants that transform gloomy landscapes and fill them with a special atmosphere. A tribute to the memory, special respect for the departed, the desire to adequately honor their contribution to our lives ... Planting flowers on the graves and decorating them with the territory adjacent to the tombstone pushes something different. But the special beauty and symbolism turns any plant into a sacred instrument, fills fresh flowers with a new meaning. But there are plants more than appropriate on the graves.
- Principles of selecting plants for landscaping the grave
- Noble Groundcover Textures
- Plants for flowering accents on the grave
Principles of selecting plants for landscaping the grave
Cultures that are suitable for sacred use, planting on graves and cemetery, have one amazing common feature - simplicity and discreet, but expressive beauty. Most often, we notice nice, familiar plants from childhood in cemeteries, which are especially expensive and especially emotional.
The grave has no place for elaborate exotics, catchy "aristocrats" and wonders, motley and unrestrained flowerbeds.
For such a special place, completely different cultures are needed, “merged” with our culture and memory, endowed with special significance for millennia. You must have noticed that even in failed years in the cemetery, those plants that languish in city beds and in our gardens bloom in a special, magnificent and solemn manner. Perhaps the key to everything is in the sense that we give them, in particular symbolism, in the fact that each plant is more than just a beautiful flower.
When choosing flowers for the grave, consider what preferences for plants the deceased had, whether certain cultures were especially dear to his heart. If you can’t make a choice on this parameter, then choose cultures that fascinate you, awaken special emotions and seem most touching to you. Choose plants with your heart - and you will surely find the right option. Be restrained, concise, respectful. If you decide to plant flowers on the grave, making it well-groomed and beautiful in this way, then you must not forget that the main thing is not spectacularity, but a sense of proportion and tact.
The color palette also matters. Green or silver green should be the main, dominant color. Blooming accents are arranged using white, blue tones, as well as red and pure pink shades. Warm, sunny colors are used less often, but they are not at all forbidden: it is better to rely on intuition than on certain standards.
But despite the fact that the choice of plants for the graves should be more emotional, under no circumstances should one forget about practicality. Plants will grow in a limited amount of soil, often quite specific - sandy or clay in composition, depleted, poor-quality, far from the best in terms of looseness and drainage, almost always dry. And in order to survive in the soil, plants must be, first of all, unpretentious and hardy.
For landscaping gravestones, it is better to use perennial plants that can grow for decades without transplantation and division. And, of course, all plants must have frost resistance corresponding to the region of cultivation. An important parameter that you simply must take into account when choosing is also how often you visit the cemetery.
If you live far away and rarely visit the grave, planting fast-growing soil protectors may result in their uncontrolled spread. And plants that require constant care will die.
In this case, it is better to choose conifers, including creeping junipers, which will forever keep memory and not lose their beauty.
The crops that are used in landscaping in cemeteries can be divided into 3 groups:
- Tapeworms - shrubs and trees that frame the monument, make out the territory near it. Such plants are never planted on the grave, they are placed as a background for a tombstone, to create a harmonious balance between the massive structure and the environment, they are used in the design of neighboring territories. But even in this case, choose compact trees that do not have deep roots and shrubs - yew, pine tree, barberries, hydrangeas, viburnum, weeping birch trees, derain white.
- Perennial plants creating a continuous coating on tombstones, carpet and texture crops.
- Seasonal accents - both perennial and annual plants, designed to decorate the grave at certain times of the year, playing the role of living bouquets.
Noble Groundcover Textures
The main, basic plants for the design of the graves were and are the groundcover. And the point is not only in their ability to fill the soil and create coverings similar to luxurious carpets, which is very decorative. These plants are not afraid of close proximity, are able to adapt well, do not require weeding from weeds and constant care, but they are well controlled.
Phlox awl (Phlox subulata) creates very decorative pillows in sunny places. He is modest and unpretentious, grows well, stunted. The spring splash of color is replaced by the calm beauty of the carpet the rest of the year. This plant takes root well in large and small territories, goes well with granite and marble.
Chistets Byzantine (Stachys byzantine) Is another favorite. Its noble silver-velvety foliage on tombstones seems especially solemn, calm, constant. Like a luxurious fabric, purifier disguises the soil and symbolizes unshakable values, eternal memory. One of the advantages of this perennial can rightfully be called the ability to look equally good both in the sun and in partial shade.
Similar silver texture brings to the graves and stalk, but it has a much brighter flowering, modest, pretty, simple. But verdure is not so spectacular, and the ability to grow only in the sun is inferior to chistets. Stalk (Cerastium) It is better to use as a border, framing a plant.
A calm but neat background shapes and Iberis evergreen (Iberis sempervirens), and other classic species of this plant. Its dark, vibrant greens and foam-like blooms seem modest and elegant at the same time. This plant is able to put up with partial shading, allows you to use the classic palette of colors and modest beauty.
The tenacious creeping (Ajuga reptans) not in vain has earned the title of one of the most unpretentious soil protectors. It grows with dense turfs, and the ability to choose leaves with different shades of green and purple colors allows you to create a soft noble background that does not distract attention from the spiritual. This is one of the best soil protectors to fill the soil, contain weeds and complement more solemn ceremonial accents.
In many countries, vinca is considered to be the memorial plant. Periwinkle (Vinca minor) grows well in the shade, under the canopy of typical woody, often used in the design of cemeteries - birches, spruce, cypress, thuja, mountain ash. It is not afraid of either a lack of light, or a brighter location, constantly grows and has evergreen foliage. And touching funnel-shaped flowers, with their dazzling blueness competing with the spring sky, look especially piercing against the background of dark glossy foliage. This plant, considered a symbol of memory, eternal love, is endowed with magical and mythological significance and is more than appropriate in the design of cemeteries.
Also, one of the most versatile garden perennials is considered a symbol of immortality, like a periwinkle ivy, or curly (Hedera helix) He is able to curl and braid any surfaces and supports, forms amazingly beautiful effects of landscaped gravestones. But ivy requires control. He can easily hide everything beneath him, braid tombstones and spread to neighboring ones.
Of the groundcover also in the design of the graves you can use:
- creeping junipers (Juniperus) the most compact varieties;
- beautiful shade-tolerant groundcover with very bright greens European hoof (Asarum europaeum);
- wallenstein (Waldsteinia) with the same bright hardwood carpet and yellow flowers similar to buttercups;
- saxifrage (Saxifraga), can help in landscaping even the most problematic areas, combining well with different types of stone and helping to drape the gravestone itself with touching shoots;
- was young (Sempervivum), also growing even in extreme rocky or sandy soil.
An alternative to groundcover is the ability to fill the ground and create solid turf garden perennials with increased endurance:
- garden geraniums (Geranium) and their luxurious foliage create a very beautiful background and seem especially tremulous;
- host (Hosta) (growing can fill the soil on the tombstones no worse than any groundcover);
- stonecrops (Sedum) and grafts (Hylotelephium), unpretentious, hardy, quickly growing in carpet plantings, withstanding extreme drought and bright sun;
- thyme (Thymus), fragrant, textural, very beautiful in carpet compositions and well tolerating dryness;
- heathers (Calluna), which will help arrange the graves with specific acid composition and characteristics;
- lavender (lavandula) with its aroma, calm and noble beauty;
- a symbol of grief and sorrow, long used in the design of graves wormwood (artemisia): their gray-silver foliage looks both noble and perfectly conveys sorrow and solemnity, noble sadness.
Plants for flowering accents on the grave
But even the best of the ground cover plants have a limited period of maximum decorativeness and fairly short flowering times. To create a continuous flowering sequence on the grave, to place touching small accents that, like living bouquets, will serve as a symbol of memory of the departed, onion protectors should add bulbous accents and the most modest of the flowering garden perennials.
The largest selection of seasonal plants suitable for mood and atmospheric conditions can be offered by spring. Touching forms, laconicism and expressiveness, trembling fragility of beloved spring flowers seem to emphasize the passage of time, reinforce the sense of fragility of human life.
Optimal in size and unpretentiousness muscari (Muscari) - an option that will make touching accents and save yourself a lot of trouble. They are ideal for graves due to their color, and due to their miniature size, not diminishing the ability to grow and look smart.
But the choice is not limited to the muscards. Begonias (Begonia), primrose (Primula), colchicum (Colchicum), May lilies of the valley (Convallaria majalis), daffodils (Narcissus) compact varieties, violets (Viola) are also appropriate for landscaping gravestones. But tulips and other bulbs, requiring digging, it is better not to plant.
In the second half of the year there are also favorites. Poppies (Papaver), considered a symbol of sadness and sorrow - a good choice for summer-flowering accents, and if we are talking about perennial and annual species.
No wonder he earned his national name and gelichrysum — immortelle (Helichrysum) Yellow inflorescences and silver greens look very elegant, the plant has both simplicity and beauty of details. Dwarf varieties delphinium (Delphinium) look like living bouquets, strict, aristocratic and sad. Corresponds to the mood of cemeteries and prim-cold beauty lilies (Lilium) and dwarf varieties daylilies (Hemerocallis) And at the end of the summer blooms seemingly impregnable, somewhat harsh anaphalis (Anaphalis).
Can be used in landscaping graves and dwarf or ground cover roseswhich will give aristocratic restraint the appearance of tombstones and will look like living bouquets. Occasionally planted and peonies, both grassy and tree-like, but they have a place not on the grave, but among the tapeworms surrounded.
Boxwood looks good at any time of the year. Small cropped spheres boxwood (Buxus) or other shrubs cut from this, symbolizing immortality, shrubs will help to place catchy, expressive, architectural accents on the graves.
Pilots also use in the design of graves. They help to place accents and add colors to beautiful greens, maintain the grave of a well-groomed and elegant, close bald spots and give special touch to the plantings on symbolic dates.
The best of the pilots who can be landed on the grave:
- pansies (viola tricolor), bright, elegant and at the same time touching;
- daisies (bellis) with their modest beauty;
- forget-me-nots (myosotis) with their trembling brightness and loveliness, symbolic and touching;
- marigold (tagetes), symbolic plants adorning graves in late summer and autumn;
- garden clove (dianthus caryophyllus), including clove grass (dianthus deltoids), which perfectly propagates by self-seeding;
- escholzii (eschscholzia) with their bright saucers of flowers and needle-shaped greens with a cold color;
- homphrenes (gomphrena) with a touching scattering of spherical cherry blossoms and other dried flowers.