Loaches - plants for vertical gardening
In ornamental gardening, climbing or climbing plants form a special group. They make it possible to conduct vertical gardening. With their help they decorate walls, arbors, balconies, columns, fences, which greatly enriches the design of buildings and the entire garden space. Climbing plants are often used to shelter farm buildings and all kinds of unsightly places.
Especially beautiful creepers in autumn colorful dress. Climbing plants do not require a large area, and you can use old trees and all kinds of artificial supports as supports for them. The direction of growth of vines must be thought out in advance, and also with the beginning of spring growth, constantly adjusted. Climbing and climbing plants are among perennials, annuals and woody species.
Annuals: sweet peas, dolichos, morning glory, kvamoklit, kobe, nasturtium (climbing forms), tunbergia, decorative pumpkin, Japanese hops.
Perennial: bryonia, calistegia, clematis, common hop.
Lianas: wisteria, honeysuckle honeysuckle, kampsis, clematis, rose (wicker forms).
Not all plants, especially creepers, are suitable for growing in our climate. Many do not winter or winter with shelter only. Some perennials in our strip are grown in annual crops, for example, climbing kobe. She got her name from the name of the Spanish naturalist V. Coba. Kobe flowers resembled the monk of the bell of his homeland and he brought this vine from Mexico to Europe. Kobeya (Cobaea csandens) - a luxurious 3-4 meter cyanosis family vine, has delicate delicate delicate openwork leaves that adorn this plant. During flowering, large 6-8 cm bells appear, reminiscent of New Year's toys, more often a purple or greenish-cream hue.
In a short time, Liana braids around a high arch (2.5 m high). It is firmly held on any support thanks to a tenacious antennae that look like compressed springs. Kobeya blooms for a long time, almost to frost, though it does not have time to give seeds. The bell flowers open one after another, and at first they are light green, and then they turn purple. Only autumn frosts stop the powerful growth of this large and strong vine.
Sowing kobei is recommended to be done early, preferably in February. The seeds are large and germinate for a long time, almost 2 weeks, so before sowing it is good to soak them in a growth stimulator. Seedlings should be buried at the stage of the first leaf, planted in open ground in late May, early June, so as not to fall under the last frost. The feeding area for a kobe is required large, so the distance between plants must be left at least 50-60 cm. The kobe is also tolerated with partial shade, but in sunny places it blooms more abundantly. Kobe is demanding on watering and top dressing, which is not at all surprising with its huge leaf mass. Especially a lot of water is required on hot summer days. It is necessary to water almost daily. You can feed a kobe with any complex mineral fertilizers that are better soluble.
Like most deciduous plants, the kobe is affected by sucking pests - such as aphids and ticks. At the first signs of damage, it is recommended to treat the plants with Biotlin, Fitoverm preparations. In the open ground, you can try to save the kobe before the next season. To do this, cut off the aboveground mass and cover the root system. It is not always overwintering a kobe, so it is better to stock up on seeds by spring. There are few varieties of kobei - a few white ones (Wedding Bells, Jingle Bells) and purple Kalando. However, under different lighting conditions, kobe flowers give a lot of shades and transitions from lighter to intense tones. Recently, kobeya is becoming more and more popular among summer residents, since due to intensive growth it is able to quickly decorate a large area, bloom for a long time and maintain decorativeness.
Another annual vine with intense growth and blooming profusely - morning glory. Her many beautiful flowers can be of various shades, but the most common are blue and pink tones. Ipomoea (Ipomoea) - a grassy annual creeper of the Vyunkov family. A fast-growing plant with long, thin stems. Funnel-shaped flowers, large, with a short stalk, varieties with double flowers are bred (bright pink with a white center "Lady Fleur", cherry "Lady Hamilton").
Today there is a huge selection of morning glory varieties. Grown plants are characterized by the diverse shape and size of the flower, leaves, duration of flowering, time of onset of flower opening. You can buy the most exquisite mixture of morning glory seeds and get as a result a riot of colors in the garden and on the balcony. The most famous and often cultivated species: morning glory purple - "Cherry Shawl"; black "gypsy"; Ipomoea tricolor - “Flying Saucers” with huge striped blue and white flowers; pearl white "Mother of Pearl Gate"; the magical morning glory "Blue Picoti" with a white border; the new Rosita variety with red flowers resembling stars; Ipomoea "Moonflower" - with fragrant large flowers that open only at night. Ipomoea lobed “Mina Lobata” (star bindweed, Spanish flag) is characterized by numerous tubular inflorescences resembling a miniature banana; pinnate quamoclite (cypress liana) “Sparks” variety - a spectacular 2.5 m liana with lacy cirrus-dissected leaves that change color by the end of summer. The flowers in the shape of stars are white, pink, scarlet on long peduncles not afraid of the wind and do not wilt from the rain. It’s not difficult to create magnificent multi-colored screens using the mixtures of morning glory “Jolly Gardener” or “Marzipan Stars”. Such a beautiful "green wall" does not give a single plant!
The genus Ipomoea has over 500 species, and the ancestor of garden forms of Ipomoea is the well-known weed - field bindweed, which is so difficult to get rid of. And this explains the vitality and unpretentiousness of morning glory. Ipomoea is characterized by prolonged flowering - from mid-summer to late autumn. The plant also looks great after flowering, so it is often used to shade verandas and balconies. The popularity of morning glory is due not only to its decorativeness, but also to the ease of care. Ipomoea is best propagated by direct sowing in the ground in a permanent place. You can sow morning glory under the winter, respectively increasing the seeding rate. Seedlings grow very quickly, so it’s better to immediately make support for them, stretch the net or twine. It is important not to overfeed the plants with nitrogen fertilizers, to the detriment of flowering. In our zone, morning glory is rarely affected by pests, and it is quite resistant to disease. Affected by wild ancestors - weeds!
The genus of morning glory is so rich and diverse that in a short note it is difficult to illuminate even a small part of it. The long-standing morning glory - farbitis nil (Ipomoea nil), which has become a cult plant in Japan, deserves special attention. The Japanese call it asagao - “morning face” and for several centuries have been breeding new varieties. Every year in Japan, more and more unusual novelties of asagao appear. Of our varieties, the bright red Scarlet O'Hara is known, a rapidly growing vine with very large flowers that open from early morning to noon. And there is also the morning glory of sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), better known as an edible plant, “sweet potato”.
To make the garden look bright and stylish, you need to use climbing plants of different groups. Almost all types of curly flowers are combined with decorative foliage crops.
You can create a real green waterfall with ampel dichondras, numerous thin stems of which hang down 2 or more meters. Dichondra ampelous is one of the best deciduous crops for hanging baskets and pots. For the unusual silver color of the foliage, landscape designers really appreciate it. It serves as an excellent background for bright flowering plants, preserves decorativeness throughout the growing period. Dichondra is a perennial plant, but is grown as an annual due to the demanding heat. Propagated by seeds or cuttings. Seeds are sown for seedlings in February and March, lightly sprinkled with soil, moisten and cover with a film. At a constant temperature of 22-24 ° C, seedlings appear after a week. The silver dichondra has green shoots. Plants grow slowly and reach maximum decorativeness after 3 months. Seedlings are planted in open ground in May. Dichondra is quite unpretentious and resistant to weather. It can withstand light frosts to -5 ° C. It grows well both in the sun and in partial shade. The plant is hygrophilous, responds well to spraying. To form a thicker crown, it is recommended that the stems be trimmed during the season and when transported to winter storage. In autumn, pots with dichondra can be brought into the room and stored at low temperatures until spring. In addition to placing dichondra in hanging baskets, dichondra is used as a ground cover crop.
You must admit that it is difficult to make a choice among such diverse and very beautiful climbing and ampelous plants. Choosing annual crops, we can annually change our balcony, create a new landscape in the garden.
Detailed information on grades and hybrids of the Gavrish company can be found on the website https://semenagavrish.ru