Atherosclerosis (from gr. ‘Athere’ - porridge and ‘skleros’ - solid) - deposits on the walls of arteries of fat cholesterol formations. It is believed that excessive insulin formation leads to this. If its blood level is high, a lot of fluid is retained in the body, and the pressure rises. First of all, pay attention to vitamins such as folic acid, C, B6 (pyridoxine), B12.
Also, calcium, magnesium, selenium, carotene affect the metabolic processes and vascular elasticity. But starch stimulates the formation of insulin, so it is not recommended to consume a lot of vegetables with its high content (potatoes, corn). Refuse fried foods: all fats at a temperature of 200-300 degrees change their structure.
To prevent atherosclerosis, you should use plants that contain the above vitamins, as well as a small amount of starch. The artichoke wrapper and basket contains 10-12% vitamin C, 2-3% protein, 0.4% carotene, vitamins PP, B1, B2, a lot of potassium and iron, inulin and only 1% fiber. By lowering cholesterol, it has an antisclerotic effect.
However, many vegetables and fruits also work. These are tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, melons, apricots, apples, pears, plums, berries, etc. But first of all, you need to consult your doctor about the effectiveness of plants and drugs, the use of which should be limited.
As for the artichoke, this is a cold-resistant crop, but so that the seeds sprout faster, they are sown in soil warmed up to 12-14 degrees. To gain time, use seedlings. Take pots of 0.5 l, in each plant a seed to a depth of 2-3 cm. If possible, plant seedlings under the film, this can be done in February-March. In the open soil - a little later. Planted according to the scheme 80 × 80 cm, rejecting weak plants.
The artichoke is quite photophilous, so choose open fertile soils and sunny places for it. But moisture is not too demanding, so care for it is to remove weeds and normal irrigation.
Since the culture is perennial, it may not be possible to see the baskets in the first year (if you planted in seedlings, then they will appear in August-September), but by the 2nd year there will be 10-12 on each plant.
Do not allow the opening of the wrapper and the flowering baskets - they quickly coarse. A sign of this is the appearance of blue flowers at the top. Cut them unopened.
The artichoke has a refined taste, it is not in vain that it is considered a delicacy.