Sarmatian censer - healing balm at your dacha
This perennial herb from the clamaceae, even in appearance and resembles nettle, occupies a special place among the healing and spicy-aromatic herbs. And all because of the large amount of coumarins, flavonoids and essential oils contained in it. It is not by chance that Cadillo is called the “Forest Balsam”. When the censer is blooming, the surrounding area is filled with fragrant honey aroma and bees are constantly circling above it. The Latin name of this plant is Melittis melissophyllum. In Greek, lemon balm is a bee, mele is honey. And it is no coincidence that in recent years, the censer has become very popular and it is increasingly bred in household plots.
Censer melissolist (Melittis melissophyllum) Is the only species of the genus Cadillo (Melīttis) family Lamiaceae. In the modern classification, Censer Carpathian (Melittis melissophyllum subsp. carpatica), or Censer Sarmatian (Melittis melissophyllum subsp. sarmatica) are a subspecies of the censer melissolis.
In nature, censer grows in deciduous forests, mainly in Central and Southern Europe. This is an ancient Mediterranean relict species. Censer is also found in the western part of the CIS. It is listed in many red books, as it is threatened with extinction, largely due to its healing and aromatic qualities.
The use and useful properties of a censer
The censer grass has a pleasant smell and is used to flavor teas and spirits, being one of the main components of all kinds of balms. At the same time, drinks acquire an emerald green color and a unique taste. Medically, the censer has excellent wound healing qualities, normalizes the gastrointestinal system, and eliminates colic and pain. Effectively censer for various diseases and abscesses in the mouth and throat. They also drink tincture from herbs for diseases of the liver and heart.
Here is such a wonderful censer. It can grow in your country house and be always at hand at the right time. In principle, this plant is not very whimsical, grows well with certain care without a transplant for 15-20 years. In culture, individuals censer much larger, characterized by abundant flowering and seed productivity. But you need to know some secrets when growing it.
Censer is usually propagated by seeds.. You can collect seeds from wild plants (late June - early July) or buy them in a store. Sown with seeds in July. It must be remembered that the censer seeds during storage quickly lose their germination capacity, so it is better to sow freshly harvested. These plants need fertile, substance-rich, structured and well-drained soil. Remember that the censer does not like bright sunlight, it is better to plant it at partial shade. Before sowing, the soil is loosened to a depth of 20-25 cm, organic fertilizers are applied (approximately 2 kg per m2), and the censer seeds themselves are sown to a depth of 2-3 cm. The distance between the holes is usually 40 cm. The first seedlings appear next year, in May. In the first year, they grow to 30 cm. Censer seedlings enter the generative phase from the second year of development.
An alternative way to seed propagation for a censer is vegetative: cuttings and division of the bush. The censer is usually divided at the beginning of the growing season, in April or in the fall (September-beginning of October), when regeneration buds are formed. A cherenkovka censer is best carried out during the flowering period. Cuttings root under a plastic film in the shade, usually after a month, and rooting reaches 60%.
If you follow these simple rules, your garden will be filled with fragrant aroma in the spring, you can always offer guests an exquisite exclusive drink from the censer, and you will have an excellent natural medicine on hand.